The second source of democratization has been historically very rapid formation of an industrial proletariat in the Soviet model of development includes the millions of professionals with higher education. In a very real sense they were the children of the Soviet era, the flesh of the socialist dictatorship. These forward-looking social expectations, preferences and urban lifestyle were generated by the dynamics of catch-up development of the Soviet state and linked to modernization tasks much more closely than with the rural way of generations of their own parents. In addition, the Soviet industrialization and experience terrible, strained all the forces of the war had a strong equalizing and harmonizing effect on the relations between the sexes and ethnic groups. If the upper echelons of the women and did not quite equal to men, and the non-Russian - Russian if the ideals of full equality and have not been reached, the rest of the mass of society no doubt there is a significant equalization of opportunities, and if measured by distance traveled, instead of approaching the ideal horizon, the compared with pre-revolutionary state of affairs it seemed epochal progress. Communist developmentalism has achieved its objectives, including vklyuchivmnozhestvo women and members of non-Russian nationalities (including, of course, and Shanibov) in the rapidly growing industrial society structure. As a result, at the beginning of 1960-x years. there is a very broad and relatively egalitarian civil society. If this is not civil society, it potentially has its eve.