In the Urals, quite favorable conditions for the development of agriculture. Foothill plains have black soil in the south and gray forest and podzolic soils in the north. Mountain areas and the territory north of the 60th parallel are of little use for agriculture, but have large stocks of timber. In the Urals, few large rivers, so the area is experiencing a shortage of water resources. Population. Originally settled by newcomers from the Urals and Siberia, south-eastern regions. Then, in the process of settling the huge Eurasian expanses settled by representatives of different civilizations (European and Asian) in its territory. These were the families of Finns Ugric peoples, Scythians, Arabs, Bulgarians, Turks, and others as Russian came here only in the XI v.Seychas Urals -. One of Russia's most ethnically diverse areas. Russian account for 45%, a significant group of the population form the Bashkir and Udmurt in their republics, as a high proportion of Ukrainians.