One source of positive or negative outlook may well be innate; some men are by nature inclined to one course of action or another. But, as we learned in Chapter 14, life experience can temper the character. Optimism and hope - like helplessness and despair - you can learn. At the heart of both of them is the view that psychologists call self-efficacy, the belief that you possess the perfect skills to cope with the events of his life, and boldly face the challenges. Development of competence of any kind strengthens the sense of self-efficacy, making the person more to risk and prefer the tasks more demanding. And to overcome these difficulties, in turn, strengthens the sense of self-efficacy. This attitude encourages people to make best use of all the talents and skills, which only they have - or do whatever is necessary for their development.