Strong Merovingian kings, for example the same Chilperic, distributed taxes and free francs force forcing them to pay a tithe also. This model gradually spread to the whole of Northern Gaul, Austrasia and even distant Bavaria. Translation holdings in the donation was the result of civil war and forced a concession royalty. Often the donation was a reward supporters of the king of the land confiscated from the defeated side. Giving donation often accompanied by large landowners immunity, ie, complex political rights (the collection of taxes, the implementation of administrative regulations and the court, and so on. d.). When Clotaire II and Dagobert I is widely practiced donative of fiscal lands to churches and monasteries.