Venice was founded in the beginning of the 5century. A church, dedicated to San Giacomo (S t. James), was built on the island of Rialto the oldest part of Venice as early as the year 441. The first settlers were refugees, most of them inhabitants of Padua, A lti no, Concordia, Oderzo and other towns, driven into exile by the Barbarians, i.e. the soldiers of A ttila. Struck with horror at the fall of A quileia, not a stone of which jwas left standing, they despaired of finding safety on the dry land and sought it in the sea among those reefs of sand and mud embankments which had accumulated at the mouths of the A dige, the Brenta, the Sile, and other streams and rivers north of the Po, in what are now called the Lagoons of the A driatic. During the greater part of the 5century Venice was a colony of Padua and was governed by Consuls sent from the mother city. In 473 it became a Republic, chose its own rulers, who were called Tribunes, and framed new laws for itself. The Tribunes were elected every year; ea-ch island had a right to one of these officers. In 697 it was found advisable to place the supreme power in one hand. AD oge or Duke was elected, and elected for life. He was nominally the president of a Republic, but his dignity A Week in Venice.
(Typographical errors above are due to OCR software and don't occur in the book.)
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