7,156. As the Apostle Peter received his name? Peter - the most prominent of the twelve apostles, in all their lists his name comes first. First his name - Simon and Peter, or Cephas, he called Jesus Christ (the Greek word for "Peter" and the Aramaic "Cephas" means "stone", "rock"). According to the evangelist Matthew (16: 15-19), answering correctly on the question of Jesus: "Whom say ye that I am?" - Simon the fisherman heard from the Master: "I tell you, you - Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it; and I will give thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. " Evangelist John asserts (1: 40-42), that the first time he saw Simon, given Andrew (brother of Simon), Jesus immediately said to him: "You - Simon, son of Jonas; thou shalt be called Cephas, which means stone (Peter). "