8.43. Who was the actual author of the reform Russian orthography, carried out in 1917-1918? The transition to the modern spelling was decreed by Soviet power, but it was drafted back in 1904 spelling commission at the Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Academy of Sciences. The commission included the major linguists of the time -. FF Fortunatov, Shakhmatov, IA Baudouin de Courtenay, etc. If the project is not approved the tsarist regime, but the summer of 1917 - the Provisional Government - Ministry of Education sent out the instruction space of a gradual transition to the new spelling. The Bolsheviks seized power, skillfully and quickly took advantage of ready design. In a country with a predominantly illiterate population of the introduction of the new letter has been very helpful.