Machinery region emerged in the Soviet time, and now the share of engineering products in the all-Russian volume (17%) - Ural second only to Central Russia. Machinery metal-Urals basically. Manufactured metallurgical and mining machinery, drilling rigs, developed transport machinery, machine tools and instrumentation. The largest plants are located in Ekaterinburg ( "Uralmash", etc.), Nizhny Tagil, Chelyabinsk, Miass, Izhevsk, Ust-Katav, Kurgan. In the Urals, it produced 15% of chemical production and 12% of the Russian forest industry. The chemical industry as a raw material using local metallurgy and mineral resources (oil, gas, potash salt) waste. Ural is one of the main suppliers in the country of mineral fertilizers. Developed the production of soda, oil and gas chemistry. The main centers: Berezniki, Solikamsk, Sterlitamak, Ufa, Salavat, Tuymazy, Perm.