No doubt that the original policy of War Communism, despite its costs, was dictated by necessity. But he thought the great dialectician Goethe, sooner or later, any benefit turns into evil, and history has always been one of the most difficult challenges the definition of the date of such conversion. That is the decision the eternal question of the limits of a reasonable relation to the specific historical stage. This question is speculative and therefore intractable, because the historian has no divine attributes required to prove their case experimentally in practice. It only remains to choose the correct criteria and rely on hard facts. In our opinion, many spontaneous performances for the revision of the policy of war communism that took place not only in society but also in the Soviet leadership at the end of 1919 - beginning of 1920 and all subsequent events of the year indicate that the "madness of wisdom become, evil - good "at a time for a respite when, in the famous words of the Bolshevik historian MN Pokrovsky, the economy" was to dance to the tune policy. " In fact, the Russian economy began to dance under the pipe from the October 1917 and the second in the spring of 1920, when she demanded to go on squatting, has already significantly be reduced to a pulp.